The American pipit or char pipit is a small songbird from the wagtail family. Found in North America, the Asian subspecies Anthus rubescens japonicus lives in Japan, China, Korea and Eastern Siberia. It was recognized as an independent species several years ago, earlier, together with two other species, it was considered a subspecies of the mountain horse.
The American pipit is 15-16 cm long. The upper body plumage is brown, the bill and legs are dark. The tail feathers are white. In mating attire, the entire lower part of the body is beige, the chest has slightly dark stripes. In winter dress, the belly is whitish. Plumage A. r. japonicus is darker, more gray, the legs are red-brown.
The American pipit lives in North America, in the summer in Greenland, in Baffin Land, Alaska, in Canada in British Columbia, in the Northwest Territories, along the Hudson Bay coast, in Newfoundland and in the north of the Labrador Peninsula. In the United States, it lives along the Rocky Mountains. American pipits nest in the arctic tundra, living south of the population high in the mountains.
Migratory bird spends winter in the southern United States, the Bahamas, Mexico and Central America. In winter, they keep near water bodies and in the fields.The species has been observed several times in Western Europe, however, this is more the exception than the rule.