Bird Families

Spur cuckoos are the only genus in the monotypic subfamily Centropodinae of the cuckoo family, including about 30 species

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Long and straight thumb claw C sinensis - characteristic of the genus

Many clawed cuckoos have a long claw on the thumbs of their hind limbs.The name of the genus comes from the Greek word kentron, thorn and spur The length of the claw can reach about 68-76% of the length of the tarsus of African black clawed cuckoos C grillii and lesser clawed cuckoo C bengalensis Only short-toed clawed cuckoo C rectunguis is an exception, it has a thumbnail of only 23% of the length of the tarsus. fires, during which they feed on insects and small mammals fleeing the fire4

Spur cuckoos usually nest in dense vegetation, and their nests usually have a roof, but some species build nests open on top Phasania clawed cuckoo Centropus phasianinus, common clawed cuckoo C sinensis and Madagascar clawed cuckoo C toulou can occasionally build nests that are open on top , and some species, for example, the Celebes clawed cuckoo C celebensis, constantly build open nests4

There are observations that some species of clawed cuckoos are able to carry their own young in flight5

Area

The area is the western islands of Indonesia (Timor, the Moluccas, New Guinea), Papua New Guinea, Northern and Eastern Australia from the north of Western Australia and Cape York to New South Wales. The species prefers forests with dense undergrowth, thickets of tall grasses, and marshes.

List of species

  • Centropus andamanensis
  • Centropus anselli - Gabonese clawed cuckoo6
  • Centropus ateralbus - white-headed clawed cuckoo6
  • Centropus bengalensis - lesser clawed cuckoo6
  • Centropus burchelli
  • Centropus bernsteini - Bernstein's clawed cuckoo6
  • Centropus chlororhynchos
  • Centropus celebensis - Celebes cuckoo6
  • Centropus chalybeus - Satin clawed cuckoo6
  • † Centropus colossus - extinct, known from deposits of the Quaternary period of the cave "Green Waterhole Cave" Anglrussk, Tentenula Anglrussk, South Australia
  • Centropus cupreicaudus - copper-tailed clawed cuckoo6
  • Centropus goliath
  • Centropus grillii
  • Centropus leucogaster - white-bellied clawed cuckoo6
  • Centropus melanops - Black-faced clawed cuckoo6
  • Centropus menbeki - great clawed cuckoo6
  • Centropus milo - light-headed clawed cuckoo6
  • Centropus monachus - blue-headed clawed cuckoo6
  • Centropus nigrorufus - Sumatran clawed cuckoo6
  • Centropus phasianinus - Pheasant clawed cuckoo6
    • Centropus phasianinus mui - Timorese pheasant clawed cuckoo, may turn out to be a separate species Centropus mui was known for a long time only from the female holotype collected in 1974, but, apparently, rediscovered in the early 2000s7
  • Centropus rectunguis - short-toed clawed cuckoo6
  • Centropus senegalensis - Senegalese clawed cuckoo6
  • Centropus sinensis - common clawed cuckoo6
  • Centropus spilopterus - Moluccan clawed cuckoo6
  • Centropus steerii - Mindoroi clawed cuckoo6
  • Centropus superciliosus - African clawed cuckoo6
  • Centropus toulou - Madagascar clawed cuckoo6
    • † Centropus toulou assumptionis - Assumption Island clawed cuckoo, possibly a separate species, became extinct by the 1920s
  • Centropus unirufus - red clawed cuckoo6
  • Centropus violaceus - purple clawed cuckoo9
  • Centropus viridis - Philippine clawed cuckoo9

Notes

  1. ^ Andersson, Malte 1995 "Evolution of reversed sex roles, sexual size dimorphism, and mating system in coucals Centropodidae, Aves" Abstract Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 54 2: 173-181 DOI: 101111 / j1095-83121995tb01030x
  2. ↑ Maurer, G 2008 "Who Cares Males Provide Most Parental Care in a Monogamous Nesting Cuckoo" Ethology 114 6: 540-547 DOI: 101111 / j1439-0310200801498x
  3. ↑ Hicks, RK and R Restall 1992 "Pheasant coucal Centropus phasianus attacking birds caught in a mist net" Muruk 5:143
  4. ↑ 1 2 Payne R B 2005 The Cuckoos Oxford University Press ISBN 0-19-850213-3
  5. ↑ Bell H L 1984 Carrying of young in flight by Coucals Centropus spp // Australian Bird Watcher 10: 171
  6. ↑ 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Boehme RL, Flint VE Five-language dictionary of animal names Birds Latin, Russian, English, German, French / Edited by Academician V E Sokolova - M: Rus yaz, "RUSSO", 1994 - C 133 - 2030 copies - ISBN 5-200-00643-0
  7. ↑ Trainor et al 2008 Birds, birding and conservation in Timor-Leste // BirdingASIA 9: p 16–45
  8. ↑ Rasmussen P C, J C Anderton 2005 Birds of South Asia: The Ripley Guide Smithsonian Institution amp, Lynx Edicions
  9. ↑ 1 2 Boehme RL, Flint VE A five-language dictionary of animal names Birds Latin, Russian, English, German, French / Under the general editorship of Academician VE Sokolov - M: Rus yaz, "RUSSO", 1994 - С 134 - 2030 copies - ISBN 5-200-00643-0

bird cuckoo, clawed cuckoo, clawed cuckoo, clawed cuckoo

Spur cuckoos

Spur cuckoos are the only genus in the monotypic subfamily Centropodinae of the cuckoo family, including about 30 species. Unlike many other Old World cuckoos, clawed cuckoos are not nest parasites. On the other hand, they have their own peculiarity of reproduction: all members of the genus show, to one degree or another, a tendency to reverse parental roles in the breeding pair, which is manifested in the fact that smaller males provide most of the parental care. At least one species of clawed cuckoo, the black clawed cuckoo, is polyandric. In some species, for example, males incubate the clutch more and take care of the offspring than females. On the basis of recent DNA research, it has been suggested that the taxonomic rank of this group should be raised to the family Centropodidae.

1. Description

Many clawed cuckoos have a long claw on their hind thumbs. The genus name comes from the Greek word kentron, thorn and spur. The length of the claw can reach about 68 - 76% of the length of the tarsus in the African black clawed cuckoo C. grillii and the lesser clawed cuckoo C. bengalensis. Only the short-toed clawed cuckoo C. rectunguis is an exception, its thumbnail is only 23% of the length of the tarsus. Many clawed cuckoos are opportunistic predators, Centropus phasianus is known for attacking birds caught in spider webs, and African clawed cuckoo Centropus superciliosus is attracted by the smoke of grass fires, during which they feed on insects and small mammals fleeing the fire.

Spur cuckoos usually build nests in thickets of dense vegetation, and their nests usually have a roof, but some species build nests that are open on top. Pheasant clawed cuckoo Centropus phasianinus, common clawed cuckoo C. sinensis and Madagascar clawed cuckoo C. toulou can sometimes build nests that are open on top, and some species, such as Celebes clawed cuckoo C. celebensis), build open nests all the time.

There are observations that some of their own young in flight.

2. List of species

  • Centropus anselli - Gabonese clawed cuckoo
  • Centropus andamanensis
  • Centropus chlororhynchos
  • Centropus leucogaster - white-bellied clawed cuckoo
  • † Centropus colossus - extinct, known from Quaternary deposits at Green Waterhole Cave, Tentenoula, South Australia)
  • Centropus grillii
  • Centropus melanops - black-faced clawed cuckoo
  • Centropus monachus - blue-headed clawed cuckoo
  • Centropus menbeki - great clawed cuckoo
  • Centropus goliath
  • Centropus phasianinus - Pheasant clawed cuckoo
  • Centropus cupreicaudus - copper-tailed clawed cuckoo
  • Centropus chalybeus - satin clawed cuckoo
  • Centropus bengalensis - lesser clawed cuckoo
  • Centropus ateralbus - white-headed clawed cuckoo
  • Centropus bernsteini - Bernstein's clawed cuckoo
  • Centropus milo - light-headed clawed cuckoo
  • Centropus phasianinus mui - Timorese pheasant clawed cuckoo, may turn out to be a separate species Centropus mui for a long time was known only from the female holotype collected in 1974, but, apparently, was rediscovered in the early 2000s)
  • Centropus burchelli
  • Centropus celebensis - cedar cuckoo
  • Centropus nigrorufus - Sumatran clawed cuckoo
  • Centropus sinensis - common clawed cuckoo
  • Centropus parroti?
  • Centropus senegalensis - Senegalese clawed cuckoo
  • Centropus rectunguis - short-toed clawed cuckoo
  • † Centropus toulou assumptionis - Assumption Island clawed cuckoo, possibly a separate species, became extinct by the 1920s
  • Centropus toulou - Madagascar clawed cuckoo
  • Centropus steerii - Mindoroi clawed cuckoo
  • Centropus superciliosus - African clawed cuckoo
  • Centropus spilopterus - Moluccan clawed cuckoo
  • Centropus viridis - Philippine clawed cuckoo
  • Centropus unirufus - red clawed cuckoo
  • Centropus violaceus - purple clawed cuckoo
  • eggs, small crabs, frogs, lizards, mice and chicks. Like other clawed cuckoos, the pheasant also incubates eggs. In clutch from 2 to 5 white oval
  • Neomorphus - 5 species Subfamily Spur cuckoos Centropodinae Spur cuckoos Centropus - about 30 species Subfamily Larvae cuckoos Crotophaginae
  • cuckoos Cuculinae Spotted cuckoos Phaenicophaeinae Larvae cuckoos Crotophaginae Running cuckoos Neomorphinae Coccyzinae Spur cuckoos
  • Rhinortha and bush cuckoos Phaenicophaeus in the subfamily Phaenicophaeinae Cuckoos of Madagascar build their own
  • Fischer, andropadus importunus, tockus alboterminatus and African clawed cuckoo The reserve is home to 100 plant species, which include
  • Tahitian curlew Heteroscelus incanum chit Eudynamys taitensis pheasant clawed cuckoo Egretta sacra Eastern reef heron Pluvialis dominica brown-winged
  • scolopaceus Long-tailed cuckoo - Eudynamys taitensis Giant cuckoo - Scythrops novaehollandiae Pheasant clawed cuckoo - Centropus phasianinus
  • rectunguis - short-toed clawed cuckoo Centropus sinensis - clawed cuckoo Centropus bengalensis - little clawed cuckoo Phodilus badius - eastern
  • Rafetus vietnamensis, sea snakes and seahorses, among birds the little clawed cuckoo Centropus bengalensis
  • caprius Black clawed cuckoo Centropus grillii Blue-headed clawed cuckoo Centropus monachus Senegalese clawed cuckoo Centropus senegalensis
  • Green-billed cuckoo Phaenicophaeus tristis Phaenicophaeus leschenaultii Spur cuckoo Centropus sinensis Lesser clawed cuckoo Centropus bengalensis
  • park. This is a black kite, a bearded real bulbul, an African clawed cuckoo Centropus superciliosus and a brown-winged bird - a mouse. Yellow-bellied canary
  • Tirkushka Runner Family of plovers: Lapwings Lapwings Decorated lapwings Spurted lapwings White-tailed piglet Golden plover Asian brown-winged plover
  • Family: Cuckoo Crested cuckoo Clamator glandarius Common cuckoo Cuculus canorus Senegalese clawed cuckoo Centropus senegalensis Order:
  • Sumatran clawed cuckoo Centropus rectunguis - Short-toed clawed cuckoo Centropus steerii - Mindoroi clawed cuckoo Coccyzus ferrugineus
  • maldivarum Steppe Tirkushka - Glareola nordmanni Pigalitsa - Vanellus vanellus Spur lapwing - Vanellus spinosus White-tailed pigeon - Vanellus leucurus Golden
  • Aramides saracura - slate-breasted forest shepherd Porzana spiloptera - clawed herringbone Porzana albicollis - ash-throated claw Porzana flaviventer
  • pratincola Steppe Tirkushka - Glareola nordmanni Pygalitsa - Vanellus vanellus Spur lapwing - Vanellus spinosus Lapwing lapwing - Vanellus gregarius White-tailed piglet
  • crane Grus grus Avdotka Burhinus oedicnemus Lapwing Vanellus vanellus Spur lapwing Vanellus spinosus Tules Pluvialis squatarola Golden plover
  • Golden Plover - Pluvialis apricaria Tules - Pluvialis squatarola Spur lapwing - Hoplopterus spinosus Gyrfalcon - Vanellus gregarius White-tailed
  • squatarola Lapwing Lapwing - Vanellus gregarius Pygalitsa - Vanellus vanellus Lapwing Lapwing - Vanellus spinosus Woodcock - Scolopax rusticola Hornworm - Lymnocryptes
  • crane Grus grus Avdotka Burhinus oedicnemus Lapwing Vanellus vanellus Spur lapwing Vanellus spinosus Lapwing lapwing Vanellus gregarius White-tailed pygmy
  • behavior in the black-headed duck Heteronetta atricapilla - like a cuckoo, it always lays its eggs in the nests of other birds, not necessarily from
  • 240 s. Kuzikov I.V. Review of the distribution and incidences of flights of the deaf cuckoo Cuculus optatus in the European part of Russia Russian Ornithological
  • is a rare vagrant species. In wetlands, the clawed lapwing Vanellus spinosus is often found in 2008, was nominated for the title of bird of Israel

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Types of cuckoos: Common cuckoo California cuckoo plantain Spur cuckoos New Zealand bronze cuckoos Deaf cuckoo. Spur cuckoos Map of knowledge. All other cuckoos are carnivorous. About half of the cuckoo species are typical monogamous, and half of the Spur cuckoos are Centropodinae. Common cuckoo presentation, report ThePresentation ru. Spur cuckoos. ☆ VKontakte Facebook Odnoklassniki WhatsApp Skype. Material from Wikiz. Jump to: navigation, search. they simply.

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Spur cuckoos Birds.

Spur cuckoos are the only genus in the monotypic subfamily of the cuckoo family, including about 30 species. Cuckoo with comments. Cuckoo Cuckoos Cuculidae photos, description, taxonomy LifeCatalog. Genus Spur cuckoos Genus Spur cuckoos Photo Centropus. In a Thai garden: On the benefits of clawed cuckoo Phuket news. How are our cuckoos, who have settled for wintering in the distant How Alexander divides the Angola National Park with the copper-tailed clawed cuckoo.

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Centropus Archive BVI: Systematics.

Commentary: Object X is a cuckoo's nest. Not all cuckoo species are prone to nesting parasitism. In particular, the clawed cuckoo Centropus. Pheasant clawed cuckoo Centropus phasianinus Birds. Pheasant clawed cuckoo Centropus phasianinus. 2009 05 02. Order Cuckoo-like Cuculiformes Family Cuckoos Cuculidae. Pheasant. Endangered cuckoo birds. Extinct and. Senegalese clawed cuckoo Centropus senegalensis Gambia. Birds Other countries Senegalese clawed cuckoo Centropus senegalensis. Read about the Cuckoo Cuculidae on the website. Red clawed cuckoo rusvoji pentinuotoji gegute statusas T sritis zoologija vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Centropus unirufus angl. rufous coucal vok. Burchells Spur Cuckoo stock photos & more. Pale Cuckoo Lecturing Cacomantis pallidus Unlike other cuckoos, the clawed cuckoo lays eggs in its nest. Spur cuckoo images Free Vector. About 400 species of birds live here: copper-tailed and black clawed cuckoos, cysticoles, corncrake, Dickinson's kestrel,.

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Centropus melanops. Black-faced clawed cuckoo. Section: Animals Chordate Birds Cuckoo-like New Edit Album: Family. Spur Cuckoos Map of Knowledge Our tailed friends. Spur cuckoos do not fly often. Typically, they walk on the ground or jump from branch to branch in trees. Spur cuckoo -.

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Distribution and lifestyle

Distributed coucal in India and Ceylon. It avoids the forest and usually stays in dense shrubs with lush grassy vegetation. Both young and adult birds spend most of their time near the ground, skillfully climbing through the densest and often prickly plexuses of plant branches. Only occasionally can you see a bird flying from place to place. Usually clawed cuckoos prefer to walk on the ground or climb the branches of trees and bushes. These quiet, calm, little conspicuous birds always keep very hidden, although they are extremely dexterous in running, jumping and climbing.

Reproduction

Indian kukal nests on tree branches, always among dense and thorny thickets, usually between thorn bushes, not high from the ground. Externally, the nest is a rough spherical structure with a roof, small (compared to the bird itself) in size (the diameter of the building reaches 45 cm). The building has a side entrance, from which, when a bird incubates a clutch or warms up chicks, a tail that does not fit into the nest sticks out.

Clutch usually consists of 3-5 off-white eggs. During the breeding season (which lasts from June to September), where these birds are found, you can hear their peculiar, howl-like cry. Clawed cuckoos keep in pairs, only young birds in the first year of life wander alone. The movements of this bird are heavy, in size, habits and appearance, it is very similar to a poultry.

Food

The Indian kukal feeds on large insects (wasps, beetles, caterpillars, orthoptera), small lizards and snakes, small rodents and, apparently, eggs and chicks of other birds.

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