Bird Families

Pikas: Nile pika Salpornis spilonotus


(Certhiidae) Family Certhiidae, Featherbirds, Family Certhiidae

Life of animals. Volume 5. Birds Edited by Professor L.A. Zenkevich 1970

The order of passerine birds covers a huge number of species and a large number of families. More than half (according to the estimates of the famous ornithologist Mayr, 63%) of the bird species inhabiting the Earth belongs to this order. However, the share of passerines in the avifauna is not the same everywhere. Most of them are in the forests of warm and hot latitudes, the farther north, the more passerine birds and absolutely and relatively decreases. For example, in the tundra of the northeast of the European part of the USSR, only 29% of the total number of species registered there belongs to the passerine order, and in the north of the Yakut ASSR there are even fewer of them.
Passerines are birds of medium and small size. The largest representative of the order - the crow weighs 1100-1600 g, the smallest passerines of the USSR fauna (kinglet) weigh 5-7 g. In tropical countries, some sunbirds weigh 3-4 g. Outwardly, passerine birds are very diverse. Their beak is of various shapes, more or less straight, but there is also a long curved, sometimes short massive, sometimes triangular, flattened from top to bottom, with a wide slit of the mouth. In crossbills, the upper and lower beaks intersect. Tarsus and toes of moderate length, 4 toes, with the first toe facing back. The claws are curved, only the back (first) toe can sometimes have a long and more or less straight claw. The wings can be long and rather sharp (like a swallow) or short and blunt. The number of primary flight feathers is 10-11, of secondary ones. Sometimes the innermost secondary flight feathers are noticeably elongated, they form a so-called pigtail, as, for example, in wagtails. There are usually 12 tail feathers, rarely more (up to 16) or less (only 6). The very first flywheel is often underdeveloped and can be detected only with a careful examination of the wing. The tail has a variety of shapes. It can be long or short, straight cut or rounded, stepped, wedge-shaped, fork-shaped cut. Sexual dimorphism is expressed in size, voice, often in the color of the plumage, sometimes in the development of Ukrainians and decorating feathers in males. The brain in passerine birds is highly developed.
Most passerine bird species are associated with trees and shrubs. Some of them, such as pikas, nuthatches, bloodworms and others, spend almost their entire life in trees. Some (swallows) can be called air dwellers. There are relatively few terrestrial species (larks, except for whiskers, wagtails, wheatears, chisels).
Passerines are monogamous chicks. Their chicks hatch from eggs helpless, blind, naked or covered with only sparse down. For at least 10 days, until they fledge, they are in the nest, where their parents bring them food. Feeding chicks continues for some time after their departure from the nest. The arrangement of carefully made nests is characteristic of passerines; some species (pendants, corpses) stand out in this regard. The places where the nests are placed are varied. Many species nest on the ground, others in burrows, on stones and in crevices of rocks, many birds nest in trees (on branches and in hollows) and bushes, some species (for example, swallows) in human buildings. The choice of a nesting site is usually made by the male, who, as a rule, arrives at the nesting site somewhat earlier than the female.
Eggs in passerines are medium-sized, usually variegated, but sometimes, more often in species nesting in hollows, monochromatic. In a clutch there are more often 4-6 eggs, in some species of tits there are up to 15-16, in some Australian species there is only 1 egg in a clutch. Many species have two clutches per year, rarely one or three.Species that are widespread may have one clutch in the north of the range, and three in the south. Sometimes both clutches are so close in time that the female begins to build a second nest and lay eggs before the chicks of the first hatch acquire independence. The first generation of chicks (for example, in the blackbird warbler) is then raised by the male.
Passerines usually begin to incubate after laying all the eggs, but in many species, incubation begins with the penultimate egg, in some from the middle of the clutch, and few species (crossbills, crows) begin incubation after laying the first egg. The duration of incubation in most species is 11-14 days, but the raven incubates for 19-20 days, and the lyre bird incubates for about 45 days. Chicks grow quickly and leave the nest in 10-11 days in species nesting on the ground (even in 9 days in larks). But in hollow and nesting nests, chicks fly out later, for example, in a tit on the 23rd, and in a nuthatch on the 26th day of life. Both parents feed juveniles, with rare exceptions.
The nesting plumage of many passerine birds (redstarts, flycatchers, thrush, etc.) is characterized by a peculiar scaly pattern, the chick plumage of larks is characterized by the presence of peculiar light streaks. In many other cases, juvenile chicks are similar in color to females.
Sexual maturity usually occurs at the age of one year, in the raven later - at the age of two. At the same time, an adult outfit is purchased. Passerines moult once a year, complete. The bright spring outfit of many species is not acquired as a result of molting, but as a result of the exposure of the dull edges of the feathers, which covered the brighter middle part of the feather.
The food of passerine birds is varied. Some species are omnivorous (ravens), others feed on plant food and only nestlings are fed on insects, most species are insectivorous. The vast majority of passerines are useful birds. Many passerine birds are sedentary, but most species inhabiting places with a sharp change in seasonal conditions of existence are migratory.
Passerines are widespread across the globe, most of all in hot countries, they are not in Antarctica. In the mountains, some species rise to the alpine zone.
The order includes about 5100 species of birds. All of them, despite significant differences in appearance and biological characteristics, are essentially rather monotonous, and in many cases it is not possible to find a sufficiently substantiated criterion to divide the detachment into families, to establish their volume and order of arrangement in the system.
On the basis of the structure of the vocal cords, toes and other structural and lifestyle features, passerines are divided into 4 suborders: hornbills (Eurylaimi) with one family and 14 species that live in Africa and Southeast Asia, screaming (Clamatores, or Tyranni) with 14 families and almost 1100 species, inhabiting mainly South America, in a small number North America and the tropics of the Eastern Hemisphere, half-singing (Menurae) with 2 families and 4 species inhabiting Australia, singers (Oscines), widespread throughout the world, numbering the largest the number of species (about 4000) and united in 49 families. In total, there are 66 families in the detachment. The greatest ambiguities in the taxonomy of families are found in the suborder of singers. We adhere (with some deviations) to the arrangement of families in the suborder of songbirds, recommended by the international meeting of ornithologists in Basel in 1964. This corresponds to the order adopted in the Check-list the Birds of the World and the arrangement of families in the Identifier of the Birds of the USSR by N. A. Gladkov, G. P. Dementieva, E. S. Ptushenko, A. M. Sudilovskaya (1964). In A New Dictionary of Birds, published in 1964 under the general editorship of L. Thomson, the same order.
It is characterized by a complex structure of the lower larynx and the presence of a large number (usually 7 pairs) of vocal muscles. Many (but not all) species have an advanced singing ability.Singers are very widespread: their area of ​​distribution coincides with the area of ​​distribution of the entire order. There are 49 families in the suborder.
Family Piscids (Certhiidae)
Small birds: body length 110-170 mm, weight from 8-10 to 20-25 g. The beak in most species (except for a number of tropical ones) is long, thin, curved downward, the nostrils are covered with a leathery projection. The wing is rounded. Primary flight feathers 10. Tail of 12 tail feathers, with a notch at the end. Paws are strong, with a short tarsus, but relatively long toes, armed with sharp curved claws. The plumage is thick and soft. Coloring in tropical species is variegated, but more often monotonous with rare red spots on the wings. Males and females are colored similarly, juveniles are dimmer than adults.
This family includes 17 species, united in 3 genera, common in Europe, Asia, Australia, Africa, North America. Sedentary, partially nomadic birds. They live in forests (pikas) or on rocks (wall climbers). Nests are arranged in hollows, behind peeled bark (pikas), in cracks of rocks (wall climbers), the Indian piebald pika (Salpornis) builds an open bowl-shaped nest on tree branches. In clutch there are 3-9 white eggs with reddish-brown streaks.
They feed on invertebrates, mainly insects and spiders, as well as plant seeds.
The common pika (Certhia familiaris) (Table 56) is widespread in the forests of North America and Europe, in the forest zone of Siberia and the Far East, on the Japanese and Kuril Islands, on Sakhalin, the Korean Peninsula, in places in Eastern and Southern China, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Transcaucasia.
The plumage on the dorsal side of the bird is grayish-brown with whitish specks, the ventral side of the body is silky-white. A white stripe runs over the eye over the head. The beak is long (14-15 mm), sickle-curved. The length of the bird is only 120-150 mm, of which 55-70 mm falls on a rigid, double-pointed, stepped tail. Weight 8-9.5 g.
At the end of February and in March, in the forest, you can hear the simple, hasty, but rather melodic trill of the male, and see the fighting birds. At this time, the pairing takes place. In April, birds begin to build a nest, which is usually located behind peeling bark or in a dilapidated hollow of a tree and always low above the ground: usually at a height of 1 to 2.5 m. It takes 8-12 days to build a nest. First, a loose platform is built from thin dry twigs with a diameter of 2-3 mm. On this platform, the nest itself is arranged, which is built from dry soaked blades of grass, bast fibers, narrow leaves of forest grass grasses mixed with pieces of bark, wood, bunches of moss and lichen and fastened with cobweb threads. The litter of the nest consists of a large number of small feathers, to which sometimes wool, cocoons and a web of insects and spiders are mixed, sometimes the litter is absent.
At the end of April, a clutch occurs, usually consisting of 5-7 white eggs with reddish-brown spots and dots, thickening at the blunt end (Table 2). The incubation of eggs lasts 13-15 days. The hatched chicks remain in the nest for 15-16 days, during which they are fed by the adults, making up to 260 arrivals with food to the nest per day. In the southern parts of the range, and in favorable years in most of it in June there is a second clutch consisting of 4-6 eggs.
After the chicks leave, the adults feed them for about a week not far from the nest, and then either start re-nesting, or wander along with the young in search of food in the forest. In late July - early August, the family breaks up, some of its members join the flocks of titmouse, with which they roam until spring wherever there are trees - in forests, parks, groves, orchards, thickets along the banks of rivers.
Observing a flock of tits in winter, you can find bark scales inconspicuous due to its color, quiet, and therefore imperceptible, by the rustling of bark scales flying around under the bird's claws. The bird carefully rummages through the trunks, looking into every crack or crack in the bark.At the same time, it always acts like this: starting from the lower part of the trunk, the pika rises up (while leaning on its hard tail, and sometimes on slightly spaced wings), making spiral turns around the trunk, and having risen 10-17 m, flies to the base trunk of the next tree to start over.
The food consists of small beetles (weevils and leaf beetles), isoptera (mainly leaf beetles and aphids). Much less often the pika eats spiders, dipterans, hymenoptera, caterpillars and bugs. In autumn and especially in winter, seeds take a significant place in the diet. By destroying small insects that winter in deep cracks and crevices of the bark, and therefore inaccessible to other birds, but insects harmful to plants, the pika brings great benefits to forests and gardens.
The Nile pika (Salpornis spilonota) is a resident and nomadic bird. Distributed in the northern part of the tropics of Africa and eastward along the south of Asia to India. It is a rare bird that lives in fruit bushes or grassy cover (but not in the forest). It is also found in savannas, but prefers small trees. It feeds exclusively on insects, of which beetles, hymenoptera, caterpillars and cicadas are especially common in the diet.

Ⓘ Pischus

  • Nile pika Salpornis spilonotus.
  • Pikas lat. Ochotonidae is a family of mammals of the order Lagomorpha.
  • Pikas are bird species belonging to the genus Lat pikas. Certhia and salpornis Salpornis of the family Certhiidae, for example
  • Common pika Certhia familiaris,

  • chirping. Genus Pikas Ochotona Subgenus Northern pikas Pika Altai pikas Ochotona alpina or Alpine pikas Alashan pikas Ochotona argentata
  • above sea level, where steppe pikas are found - 1500 m above sea level Tarbagatai ridge Nora pikas dig in places where groundwater is not suitable
  • Daurian pika lat. Ochotona dauurica is a mammal of the genus pikas of the order Lagomorphs. The body length of the Daurian pika is on average 180 - 195 mm The tail is very
  • r - n Information about the habitation of the Altai pika in Northeastern China, in the Gansu province, refers to the Alashan pika which has been considered for a long time
  • Common pika lat. Certhia familiaris - a small bird from the order of passerines, a representative of the genus Pikukha Has a curved beak, curly
  • pikas on the Taimyr Peninsula of the Byrranga Mountain are associated with an error. The western border of the main part of the area runs along the Yenisei. Fossil remains of this pika on
  • this is not true as the Tibetan pika Ochotona thibetana is another species of the same genus Ochotona. Black-lipped pikas are massive animals that look similar
  • Mongolia, PRC. Mongolian pika is a small animal with a body length of 20 - 25 cm, ears are short 20 - 26 mm but longer than that of a Daurian pika. Coat color in summer is yellowish - buffy
  • The Corsican pika, formerly Prolagus corsicanus, was previously considered the second species of this genus, is now believed to be a subspecies of the Sardinian pika.
  • allow the animals to climb mountain ledges. Like other pikas in the collared pika, the hind limbs are slightly longer than the front ones and a barely noticeable tail.
  • seas. Sometimes black-lipped pikas Ochotona curzoniae are mistakenly called Tibetan. Tibetan pikas are solitary animals. During the breeding season, they form pairs
  • Pikas lat. Certhia is a genus of birds of the family of pikas, Certhiidae, of the order Passeriformes. Names are given in accordance with the dictionary
  • The short-toed pika or garden pika Certhia brachydactyla is a songbird of the pika family. The short-toed pika is so similar to its relative
  • pika or pika lat. Ochotona princeps is a species of pikas Distributed in North America, where another species of pikas also lives - the collared pika
  • specimens, and it was considered as a subspecies of the Altai pika. There are 38 chromosomes in the karyotype. The Alashan pika is found only in Alashan. Currently discovered
  • Filipino pikas lat. Rhabdornis is a genus of birds from the starling family Sturnidae Includes three species that live exclusively in the Philippines
  • It was originally described as a subspecies of the Altai pika. The karyotype has 38 chromosomes. Khentei pika was found only on the southern spurs of Khentei of Mount Bayan - Ulan
  • body temperature.As a result, pikas regulate their body temperature by changing their behavior. On hot summer days, pikas can become inactive to
  • one new species. The karyotype has 40 chromosomes, like the northern pika.In Russia, the Manchurian pika lives in the interfluve of the Shilka and Argun rivers, in China it is found
  • ocher coat. The Ladakh pika differs from the sympatric species of the black-lipped pika Ochotona curzoniae in its larger size. Scope of distribution
  • American pika Certhia brachydactyla - Short-toed pika Certhia discolor - Brown-throated pika Certhia familiaris - Common pika Certhia himalayana
  • American pika is the name of two biological species: American pika lat. Ochotona princeps is a species of animals of the genus Ochotona of the order of Lagomorphs
  • nothing is known about its reproduction. In 1994, the conservation status of the Forrest pikas was assessed as understudied on the Red List of Endangered Species.
  • The reddish pika Ochotona rufescens is a mammal of the pika genus of the pika family of the Lagomorph order. Lives in Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan and Turkmenistan
  • Kamskaya pika lat. Ochotona gloveri is a mammal from the genus pikas of the order Lagomorphs. Named by O. Thomas in honor of Glover Allen, who sent from
  • Chinese pika lat. Ochotona erythrotis is a species of pikas living in the highlands of the Chinese provinces of Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan, Xinjiang and Yunnan. Length
  • American pika lat. Certhia americana is a North American songbird of the pika family Certhiidae American pika 13 cm long.
  • sighted, can run freely after a few hours. In pikas, fertility is low; in a pika, there are only 1 - 2 broods of 3 - 6 cubs per year. Young first litter
  • Family: Pikas Ochotonidae Genus: Pikas Ochotona Black-lipped pikas Ochotona curzoniae Forrest's pikas Ochotona forresti Kamskaya pikas Ochotona
  • seas. However, foxes are practically not found in places where there are no pikas, which are their main food. Tibetan foxes live in excavated

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Homemade pika.

American pika, or pike. The pika's beak is thin and curved like a sickle, so it easily reaches insects and their eggs hidden in narrow crevices between the bark. Here is a pika. Photo of a pika bird. Detection of melanism in the northern pika population. The voice of the common pika singing screams. Common pika Certhia familiaris Length Size 0.57 mb Bitrate 192 kb s Download. Pika. Pika bird voice. Altai pika Web. Pikukha, or hay delivery lat. Ochotona is a genus of mammals from the pika family of the order Lagomorphs, the only modern genus. Why the bird was named pika. Common pika bird. Photo, video. Using the methods of genetic analysis, the taxonomic position of the pika Ochotona hyperborea from the central populations was studied.

The pika's beak is fitness.

Pikukhov: pikas Archive of nature of Russia. The life span of pikas is short - up to 6 years. The Altai pika is a cute animal of the order of hares. Observers noticed a funny one. Curious hay deliveries Ecology and natural resources. Pikas, or hay stubs, a genus of mammals from the family of pikas of the order Lagomorphs, is the only modern genus of the family in which 31 species are distinguished. The taxonomy of pikas is extremely unstable, and its development is still far from complete. Malchevsky A.S., Pukinsky Yu.B. Birds of Leningrad. Pika, →, pika - noun, wives. r., nominative item, unit. h. Part of speech: noun. Singular, Plural. Short-toed pika Certhia brachydactyla Short toed. The pike is a small songbird from the eponymous genus of the Passeriformes detachment. The body length of the pikas is about 12 cm, the weight is from 7.

Northern pike Ochotona alpina. General information.Website about.

This family includes the genus of pikas, or, as they are also called, Senostavok. Surprisingly, outwardly, the pika is much more similar. Daurian pikas Daursky reserve. Northern pika. Northern pika. Photo: A. Krechmar. Northern pikas can be found in almost all areas of the reserve. Pika family Certhiidae 1974 Hanzak Jan. They can be found both in the forest and high in the mountains - up to 2700 meters. Altai pika. Pikas are able to revive any landscape with their bustle. Pikas adapt to & nbsp Gismeteo. State Natural Biosphere Reserve Daursky. State Nature Biosphere Reserve Daurskiy. Daurian pikas article.

Pikas are mammals What is Pikas.

Information is given on the detected black melanism in the population of the northern pika Ochotona hyperborea Pallas, 1881. In Serebryany Bor there were nestlings of the pikasa DPiOOS. The meaning of the word pika. PISHCHUKHA, and, well. 1. A small songbird of the passerine order, grayish brown in color with a long one. Daurian pika Descriptions and photos of animals Non-commercial. Steppe pike Ochotona pusilla. Pikas are the smallest animals of the lagomorph family. They have short legs, small rounded ears, etc. Thesis on Ecology of the steppe pika Ochotona. The pika family Certhiidae. If the nuthatch is an acrobat and screamer who loves to be in the spotlight, then the Certhiidae pika.

Northern pika Fauna and nature of the Krasnoyarsk Territory.

FOOD, haylage Ochotona, the only genus of mammals of the family of pikas Ochotonidae of the order Lagomorphs. Unlike hares. Word FOOD What is FOOD? Word meanings, examples. STEPPE FOOD. OCHOTONA PUSILLA PALLAS, 1768. Order Lagomorphs Lagomorpha Family Piscids Ochotonidae. Pikas Floranimal. This e indicates which syllable to correctly stress in the word pika. The word pika is stressed.

Pischukha - translation from Russian into English - Yandex.Translator.

The pika is widespread throughout the forest zone, from the western Russian borders to Sakhalin. It is absent only in the most northern regions. Pikas are saddles, and. Pikas, hay deliveries. Ochotona Link, Pikukha, Senostavki. Encyclopedias, dictionaries, reference books search Animals of Russia Readers ask. 10.2.1. Genus Pikukha Ochotona. Steppe pika Ochotona. Photo: ornithologists caught a disgruntled morning pika. The genus of pikas includes about two dozen species, among them the most common: Reddish pika - lat. Ochotona rufescens - length. Genus Pikukha Ochotona. It has about 1700 species belonging to 30–40 families. Pikas are the only genus of the Ochotonidae family of the order. Pika, or common pika, Certhia familiaris Birds. File resolution: 640 × 840 px. Information about the painting, description of where it is located, other paintings by the artist. Album: Walter Linsenmeier, 3 64.

Steppe pika.

Daurian pika Ochotona dauurica is a mammal of the genus pikas of the order Lagomorphs. One of the few species in the family that has done well. Pikachi accent, how to spell the word pika correctly. Roshchina, Ekaterina Evgenievna. Ecology of the steppe pika Ochotona pusilla Pall., 1768 in the Orenburg State Nature Reserve :. 10.2.1. Genus Pikukha Ochotona. Pikas are small animals that look like hamsters, but in fact they are close relatives of hares and rabbits. Colonies of pikas live on the territory of the reserve. Pica lat. The Ochotona princeps, or American pika, is one of 29 peak species found around the world. The peaks are.

Pikukha senostavka Altai Tourist. Tourist portal.

The northern pika belongs to a separate order of Lagomorphs. In Russia, it is also called senostavka. Pischukha The taxonomy of pikas is extremely unstable, and its development is still far from completion. Pikas got their name from a variety of sounds. Book Pikus mammals - buy the book with quick. SHORT-BURNED FOOD Certhia brachydactyla C.L. Brehm, 1820. SHORT-BURNED FOOD. Type: Class: Order: SPARROW-SHAPED.

Rodents and pikas Geography.

A pika crawling along the trunk sometimes allows a person to come close. Habitat. Found in old parks. The easiest way to find it in the winter is where. The meaning of the word PISCHUKHA. What is FOOD ?.Genus: Ochotona Link, 1795 Pikukha, Senostavki. A photo. If you ask a zoologist who the pika looks like, he will most likely clarify: Which bird or. Northern pika State Nature Reserve. The American pika, or Ochotona princeps peak, inhabits the mountain taiga and mountainous regions of Central British Columbia, Canada to the south and. Pikukha Encyclopedia of Transbaikalia. Birds of the Nizhny Novgorod region. Pika. Bird pika: species, description, video, male and female, photo. In the morning, experts from the Ladoga Ornithological Institute managed to capture the disgruntled pika during the ringing.

Stocky Pika 12 photos Good news about animals.

Pikas, or hay stubs, Ochotona are small mammals, similar to hamsters, but belonging to the order Lagomorphs. 326. SHORT-BURNED FOOD Red Book. FOOD family Lagomyidae Small lagomorphs belong to the family of pikas, the body length of which is not more than 25 cm. The ears are short and. Bird Pikas Mega-Encyclopedia of Cyril and Methodius. Order, Lagomorphs, Lagomorpha. Family, Piscids, Ochotonidae. Genus, Pischus, Ochotona. Species, Northern Pikukha, Ochotona hyperborea, Pallas,. Common Pika Ecological Center Ecosystem. OZON offers great prices and excellent service. Pikas mammals characteristics, photos and customer reviews. Delivery throughout.

Northern Pika Systematics, photos, description.

The pike, Certhia familiaris, at the nest in a crack in the trunk of a gray alder. The upper reaches of the Pskov, June 1981. Photo by S. A. Fetisov. For a pika's nest. Northern pike-bird Nature of Lake Baikal. In Serebryany Bor, a specialist from the DPT Serebryany Bor of the State Budgetary Institution Mospriroda noticed a family of common pikas. Chicks already. American pika, or the country's capital peak. An interesting bird was captured by a pika in a forest park near the Sredniy Farmerskiy pond on the territory of Selskokhozyaistvennaya.

Ochotonidae Family Okhotonida, Pikukha, Pikukha.

Pikas prepare the stems and leaves of plants for the winter. They dry them by laying them out on stones, and then fold them into cracks in the rocks. In the Orenburgsky nature reserve on the Preduralskaya site. SP Who? What? pikas, pikas. RP Who? What? pikas, pikas. DP To whom? What? pikas, pikas. VP Whom? What? pikas, pikas. TP By whom? Than?. The pike has dined in the Timiryazev forest North of the Capital. Download Stock Photo pikas popular stock photo stock affordable prices millions of royalty free photos, images and pictures in high. Pischu declension and conjugation, grammar rules Russian. The pikas are very active in harvesting hay; in case of rain, they hide the wet hay under the overhanging boulders. Pikas are animals.

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