Bird Families

White-tailed monal


The genus Monala - Lophophorus - includes three species:

* Himalayan monal - Lophophorus impejanus
* Monal Scalter - Lophophorus sclateri
* Chinese monal - Lophophorus lhuysii

  • Monal himalayan
    Lophophorus impejanus
  • Monal Sketera
    Lophophorus sclateri
  • Monal chinese
    Lophophorus Ihuysii

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White-tailed monal (lat. Lophophorus sclateri ) Is a species of birds of the pheasant family. The scientific name is given in honor of the British zoologist Philip Latley Sclater.

1. Description

The male of the white-tailed monal reaches a length of 68 cm. The underside is purple-green with tints. The back of the head is copper-colored and the throat is purple-black. On the crown of the head there are short, curly feathers with a blue-green sheen. The beak is white-gray. The back, tail and tail are white. The tail feathers are white with a chestnut-brown ribbon in the middle. The female is 63 cm long. She lacks a crest. The chin and throat are white. The feathers on the back and shoulders are brown. The underside is pale brown with a pale yellow-brown wavy border. The beak is light yellow. The white tail has 6 or 7 brown ribbons. The skin of the face is blue in both sexes, the paws are light greenish, the iris is dark brown.

2. Dissemination

The white-tailed monal is distributed from Arunachal Pradesh in India east to northern Myanmar to southeastern Tibet and western Yunnan in China.

3. Habitat

The white-tailed monal inhabits coniferous forests with bamboo undergrowth, subalpine zones overgrown with rhododendron, azalea, cotoneaster, juniper, open meadows, and rocky areas. In summer, it lives at an altitude of 3,000 to 4,200 m above sea level. In winter, it descends up to 2,000 m.

4. Lifestyle

The white-tailed monal lives in pairs during the spring nesting season, in winter it is very sociable. Little is known about behavior during the nesting period. Clutches of eggs were found in April, May and June. Also, little is known about eating habits. Along with the seeds of bird knotweed and thistle heads, it can feed on fern rhizomes, bamboo leaves, and Arisaema tubers.

5. Threats

Deforestation and over-hunting pose the greatest threat to the white-tailed monal. It is hunted for its delicious meat, and its white tail feathers are used in fans and ornaments in India. Living space in China is limited due to the uprooting of the forest. The white-tailed monal is included in Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. The population is estimated by BirdLife International from 2,500 to 10,000 individuals.

6. Subspecies

The subspecies found in Arunachal Pradesh (India) in 2004 L. s. arunachalensis there is no brown border on the tail.

Notes (edit)

  1. Boehme R.L., Flint V.E. A five-language dictionary of animal names. Birds. Latin, Russian, English, German, French. / under the general editorship of Acad. V.E.Sokolova. - M .: Rus. lang., "RUSSO", 1994. - P. 61. - 2030 copies. - ISBN 5-200-00643-0


  • Johannes Erritzoe 1993: The Birds of CITES and How to Identify Them
This abstract is based on an article from the Russian Wikipedia. Synchronization completed on 07/20/11 16:59:35 PM
Similar abstracts: Forpus sclateri, Lophophorus impejanus.

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