Turaco, for the most part medium-sized birds (with the exception of large Big Blue Turaco) with long tails and short, rounded wings. They range in length from 40 to 75 cm (16-30). They fly poorly, but they are strong, climbers and able to move nimbly through bushes and other vegetation. They have a unique leg structure, where the fourth toe looks back, where it almost touches the first toe, or is brought around so that it is close to the second and third. Despite this, the legs are very flexible.
Plumage Go-away-bird and Plantain eaters mostly gray and white. Have Turacoon the other hand, brightly colored feathers are usually blue, green, or purple. Green color turaco derived from turacoverdin, the only true green pigment in birdsknown today. Other "green" bird colors are the result of yellow pigments, such as some carotenoids, combined with the prismatic physical structures of feathers, which scatters light in this particular way and gives blue color. Wings Turaco contain red pigment turacin, unlike other birds, where the red color is due to carotenoids. As pigments derived from porphyrins and only known to Musophagidae currently, but especially little studied turacoverdin can be found in other birds as well. Morbidity turacoverdin in terms of habitat is of interest to scientists, in living species found in forest species, but absent in Savannah, and acacias.
Very little is known about the life of the wild Turaco but in captivity they find themselves living exceptionally long, easy, living 30 years in captivity. Bird in the Wildlife Park Cotswolds The collection comes from Nigel Hewston discussed at the annual meeting of shareholders, Spring 2012 (in the same place) is approaching its 37th year of birth.
Evolution and taxonomy
In a fossil genus Veflintornis known from the Middle Miocene about Grive-Saint-Alban (France). It was created in Apopempsis by Pierce Brodkorb in 1971, but was preoccupied Schenkling in 1903 used the name for an insect. "Apopempsis" Afrikana (Early Miocene from Kenya) may also belong to him.
Further from the fossil material of the alleged musophagids was found in Egypt, as well as in the Late Oligocene finds on Gaimersheim (Germany) and Middle Miocene finds in Grive-Saint-Alban and Vieux-Collonges (both in France). Although it is not entirely certain that these fossils really belong Turacohowever, it looks as if the family had developed in the Oligoceans in Central Europe or perhaps North Africa, later moved to spread it to the South. The climate of those European regions at the end of the Paleogene was not very different from that in subtropical Africa today. Desert Sahara was not yet a real desert, and the distance to the Mediterranean was not much greater than it is today. Thus, such a South shift can be very slow and gradual over a large and continuous range.
Big Blue Turaco
Big Blue Turaco
Early Eocene Promusophaga it was originally believed that the old record of Turacohe was eventually revisited, his distant relative ostrich and now in the family Ostrich Lithornithidae. Filholornis from the Late Eocene or Early Oligocene of France is sometimes considered musophagidbut their relationship has always been controversial. It is not often considered Turaco, already in later times and was synonymised with anticipated Crane-likethough he is not sure if this will be generally accepted.
Live species Musophagidaearranged in taxonomic sequence are:
- Genus Tauraco - green turacos
- Guinea Turaco, Tauraco Lito includes subspecies Etc. buffoni Jesters Turaco
- Livingston, Turaco, Tauraco livingstonii includes subsp T c Phoebus Transvaal Turaco
- Shaloy, Turaco, Tauraco schalowi includes T s chalcolophus Long-crested Turaco
- Knysna Turaco, Tauraco corythaix
- Black-payment Turaco, Tauraco schuettii includes T. s. emini, Emin Pasha, Turaco.
- White-crested Turaco, Tauraco leucolophus
- Fisher Turaco, Tauraco fischeri
- White-billed Turaco, Tauraco macrorhynchus
- Bannerman, Turaco, Tauraco bannermani
- Red-crested Turaco, Tauraco erythrolophus
- Hartlaub, Turaco, Tauraco hartlaubi
- Turaco's white cheeks Tauraco leucotis
- Ruspoli, Turaco, Tauraco ruspolii
- Purple-crested Turaco, Tauraco (Gallirex) porphyreolophus a subgenus who can also Rwenzori Turacos (below)
- Genus Ruwenzorornis
- Rwenzori Turaco - Ruwenzornis johnstoni
- Genus Musophaga - blue turacos
- Violet Turaco, Musophaga violacea
- Ross Turaco, Musophaga rossae
- Genus Corythaixoides - go something far-birds
- Bare-faced go-same-bird, Corythaixoides personatus
- Gray go-same bird, Corythaixoides concolor
- White-bellied Go-same-bird, Corythaixoides leucogaster
- Genus Crinifer - plantain-pasta
- Western plantain-eater, Crinifer piscator
- Eastern plantain-eater, Crinifer zonurus
- Genus Corythaeola
- Big Blue Turaco, Corythaeola cristata
Relationships with people
Big blue Turaco in flight
In flight, Turaco's bright scarlet feathers have been treasured as symbols of the status of the royal family and sovereign chiefs throughout Africa. They are registered as being used exclusively for communications and Zulu royal families.