Bird Families

Henedrson Fruit Dove / Ptilinopus insularis

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send


Large round fruits of this tree with embossed wrinkled peel are similar to oranges, only green in color. This is maklura, which is also called Chinese orange, false orange and Adam's apple.

Large round fruits of this tree with embossed wrinkled peel are similar to oranges, only green in color. This is maklura, which is also called Chinese orange, false orange and Adam's apple.

The birthplace of the tree is North America. And the name is the name of the American natural scientist Williams McLure. There are 12 types of mackleur in the world that grow in America, Asia, Africa. One of the species can often be found in the Crimea. She was brought here in the middle of the 19th century - maklura settled in the Nikitsky Botanical Garden.

Tall, up to ten meters trees, with shiny dark green oblong leaves. Maclyura blooms in June, and not for long - just over a week. Maclura flowers are male, in yellow earrings, and female, spherical inflorescences. They grow into large balls, like an orange. Around October, the fruits ripen and fall off.

Although they are inedible, they are very useful. Tincture of crushed fruits, juice and gruel are used externally. In rare especially severe cases, a special infusion is taken orally.

In folk medicine, maklura is used as an analgesic, sedative. In addition, the fruits are used to treat skin diseases - dermatitis, eczema, wounds, and also radiculitis, rheumatism, polyarthritis, osteochondrosis, hypertension, hemorrhagic pathologies. They say she even treats cancer.

Tincture

If you cut the fruit, inside you will find a very sticky substance with small gray seeds that smells like fresh cucumbers. One finely chopped bump of maclura should be poured with 0.5 liters of vodka and insisted in a dark place for three weeks. A cotton cloth soaked in this liquid should be applied to sore joints or back, covered with plastic wrap. Hold until the compress starts to bake slightly. For effective treatment, repeat several times.

Juice and ointment

Squeeze juice (white sticky milk) from ripe makliura fruits, add 20% of vodka by volume of juice. A few days after the separation of liquids, carefully scoop out the milky juice, and filter the water-alcohol fraction. Both liquids are medicinal. Store them in the refrigerator. Maclura juice in pure form or in the form of an ointment by mixing the juice with vegetable oil. Water-alcohol liquid is taken orally for cancer. However, before using this medication, you should definitely consult your doctor.

But remember that maclura is poison. It is contraindicated in diabetes mellitus and allergies, preparations prepared at home cannot be stored for longer than six months.

Description

These small to medium sized pigeons usually have short, fan-shaped tails and are remarkable for their colorful and often glossy plumage, as evidenced by the aptly named orange fruit pigeon, flame-breasted fruit dived and pink-headed fruit dived. The males and females of many fruits have dived very different species look. For example, the female multicolor fruit dived shares the male's crimson crown and the crimson undertail feathers, but otherwise green, whereas the male has crimson on the upper back and has areas of yellow, olive, cinnamon, and gray.

Distribution, behavior and habitat

It is a large genus, most diverse in and around the island of New Guinea, in the Philippines, and in the biogeographic region of Wallacea. Some species have ranges as far west as the Sunda Islands, others north to Taiwan, south to Australia and east to Polynesia.

Fruit pigeons, as their name implies, eat fruit - the ficus is especially important - and live in various types of forest or woodland. Some species are confined to virgin forest, such as lowland rainforest, mountainous forest, or monsoon forest, while others prefer secondary forest or disturbed areas. Some species specialize in habitat features from lowland coastal forest to rainforest or high-altitude moss forest. Some species of fruit pigeons are only found in habitats dominated by particular plants such as mangrove, eucalyptus or pandanus. Only a few species can usually be seen around human habitation, these include the button-beaked fruit dove, Makatea fruit ducked, and black dormant fruit dived, which are known to visit gardens and such.

Much still needs to be known about fruit pigeons. Many species are shy and difficult to observe in their natural habitat. For example, there are several species in the Philippines, and for most of them, little or nothing is known about their breeding or nesting behavior.

Taxonomy

Many species of this genus can be further grouped by geography and certain common characteristics. Fruit pigeons of the Sunda Islands and northern Australia such as the pink-headed fruit dived and joined the fruit dived had comparatively longer tails than other species and are known for their hard coloration on the head, neck and chest, with a black stripe across the belly. Another grouping can be made from certain fruit pigeons native to New Guinea, the Moluccas, and the Bismarck Archipelago, including carunculated fruit ducked, button-beaked fruit ducked, and others, these are known for their gray coloration on the head or shoulder and / or enlarged wax (part of the bill). This group is not typically sexually dimorphic, referring to males, and females look similar. The orange pigeon, the golden pigeon, and the whistling pigeon are all native to Fiji and sometimes placed in their own genus Chrysoenas, there are together their small size, compact shape, yellow or orange coloration in males and hair-like feathers on the body. They are also known for their rather pigeon-like vocalizations, which sound like snapping, barking or whistling, respectively. Finally, the Pacific Islands provide homes for many species that share a generally green coloration with crimson caps or crowns, ventriloquial cooing or cry, and a distinct chest feather structure. A gray-green fruit dived is typical of this group. Recent evidence suggests that Ptilinopus, as currently defined, paraphyletic as Alectroenas, and Drepanoptila included within it. Generic name Ptilinopus comes from ancient Greek words ptilon "Feather" and is pouring, "leg".

Henderson Lori the Hermit

Henderson's hermit loris is a bird from the hermit loris genus of the loris subfamily of the parrot family.

2. Conservation status

Henderson's hermit lorises are restricted to Henderson Island in the Pitcairn Archipelago. In 1987, the total population of the species was 720 - 1820 individuals, in 1992 - about 200 pairs. The main threats are rats brought to the island, avian diseases such as malaria and smallpox. The cultivation of exotic plant species can also negatively affect the size of the population.

The Henderson Lory Hermit is listed on CITES Appendix II.

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send