Bird Families

Thai national parks


This family is comprised of the Nuthatches, genus Sitta, and the Wallcreepers, genus Tichodroma... They breed in cavitites, either tree cavities or rock cavities. The Wallcreeper is an insectivore, which feeds on invertebrates, primarily insects and spiders. Invertebrates are also a major part of the diet for nuthatches, especially during the breeding season, but most species also eat seeds at least during the winter, when invertebrates are less readily available. The nuthatches all store food, usually seeds, which may be pushed into crevices or into the ground, hidden under small bark flakes.

Genus Sitta
Nuthatches usually head down the tree, Creepers usually head up the tree.

Nuthatch, _Algerian Sitta ledanti Found: Algeria

Nuthatch, _Beautiful Sitta formosa Found: China, India, southeast Asia

Nuthatch, _Blue Sitta azurea Found: Indosesia, Malaysia

Image by: 1) Francesco_Verones - Malaysia 2, 3) Hiyashi_Haka 4) Francesco_Veronesi

Nuthatch, _Brown-headedSitta pusilla Found: southeastern USA.

Image by: 1, 2, 5, 6, 7) Dick Daniels - North Carolina 3) Vickie Deloach - Georgia 4) Jamie_Chavez - Georgia

Nuthatch, _BurmeseSitta neglecta Found: Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam.
Image by: 1) David_Cook - Cambodia 2, 3) Susan_Meyers - Cambodia
2) Female 3) Male

Nuthatch, _Chestnut-belliedSitta cinnamoventris Found: Bhutan, India, Nepal, Tibet

Image by: 1, 4) Koshy_Koshy - India 2) Francesco_Veronesi - Bhutan 3) Dibyendu_Ash - Ghatgarh, Uttarakhand, India

Nuthatch, _Chestnut-ventedSitta nagaensis Found: Bangladesh, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
Image by: 1) totodu74 2, 3) Ron_Knight - Sichuan 4) Jerry_Oldenettel - Vietnam

Nuthatch, _Corsican Sitta whiteheadi Found: Corsica (island in Mediterranean)

Nuthatch, _EurasianSitta europaea Found: Europe, Asia

Image by: 1) Arnstein Ronningn - Norway 2) Pawel Kuzniar 3) Cristiano Crolle - Val Roseg, Switzerland 4) Smudge_9000 - England

Nuthatch, _GiantSitta magna Found: China, Thailand

Image by: 1) Joseph_Smit 2) Jerry_Oldenettel - Thailand
1) Female 2) Male

Nuthatch, _IndianSitta castanea Found: India, south of the Ganges River.

Nuthatch, _Kashmir Found: Afghanistan, India, Nepal Pakistan
Image by: 1) L_Shyamal 2) Gaurav_Kataria - Kashmir, India 32) James_Eaton

Nuthatch, _Kr├╝per'sSitta krueperi Found: southeastern Europe, southwestern Asia
Image by: 1) Mark Jobling 2) Frank Vassen

Nuthatch, _Persian also Eastern Rock NuthatchSitta tephronota Found: Asia
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Durzan_Cirano - Turkey 4) Sergey_Yeliseev

Nuthatch, _Przevalski'sSitta przewalskii Found: southeastern Tibet, west central China

Nuthatch, _PygmySitta pygmaea Found: west and central North America

Image by: 1) Cephas - Quebec 2) Jerry Oldenettel - New Mexico 3) Eugene_Beckes 4) Wolfgang_Wander

Nuthatch, _Snowy-browed also Chinese NuthatchSitta villosa Found: China, North Korea, South Korea

Nuthatch, _Sulfur-billedSitta oenochlamys Found: Philippines
Image by: 1) onnie_espena 2) Francesco_Veronesi - Mindanao

Nuthatch, _Velvet-frontedSitta frontalis Found: Asia

Nuthatch, _Western Rock also Rock nuthatchSitta neumayer Found: Europe, Asia

Nuthatch, _White-breasted Sitta carolinensis Found: North America

Image by: 1) Johnny Wee - near Fort Rock, Oregon 2) Mdf- Canada 3, 4, 5, 6) Dick Daniels -Ash, North Carolina 7) Mark_Nenadov - Ontario

Nuthatch, _White-cheekedSitta leucopsis Found: Afghanistan, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan

Nuthatch, _White-tailed Sitta himalayensis Found: northern and northeastern parts of the Indian Subcontinent

Image by: 1) Ron_Knight 2) Dibyendu_Ash - India 3) Shrikant_Rao in India 4) Francesco_Verones

Nuthatch, _Yellow-billedSitta solangiae Found: Chin, Laos, Vietnam
Image by: 1) L_Shyamal 2) John_and_Jemi_Holmes - China

Nuthatch, _YunnanSitta yunnanensis Found: southwest China

Genus Tichodroma - 1 species

WallcreeperTichodroma muraria Found: Asia

The treecreepers are widespread in wooded regions of the Northern Hemisphere and sub-Saharan Africa. Their plumage is dull-colored, and as their name implies, they climb over the surface of trees in search of food. All species of treecreeper are found in forest and woodland habitats. Treecreepers measure from 12 to 18 centimeters in length. Their bills are gently down-curved and rather long, used for probing bark for insects and spiders. They often climb up tree trunks in a helical path, hopping with their feet together, their toes are long and tipped with strongly curved claws for gripping. The longer tails of the Certhia treecreepers are stiffened to use as a prop while climbing, but those of the Spotted Creeper are shorter and not stiffened. The majority of their diet is composed of small invertebrates, including insects and their larvae, spiders, and pseudoscorpions. In hard times seeds and fruits may be taken, and a few species will also visit birdfeeders.

Genus Certhia
Creepers usually head up the tree, Nuthatches usually head down the tree.

Treecreeper, _Bar-tailed also Himalayan tree creeperCerthia himalayana Found: northern parts Indian subcontinent

Creeper, BrownCerthia americana Found: North America
Image by: 1) Alan Vernon - Alaska 2) Alan D Wilson - British Columbia 3) Martha McClintock 4) Dick Daniels - New Hampshire
1, 2) Birds were heading up the tree, thumbnails rotated to produce larger image.

Treecreeper, _Common also Eurasian treecreeperCerthia familiaris Found: Europe, Asia

Treecreeper, _Hodgson'sCerthia hodgsoni Found: southern Asia

Image by: 1) JM Garg - India 2) Jon Irvine - Bhutan

Treecreeper, _HumesCerthia manipurensis Found: southeast Asia
Image by: 1) lonelyshrimip

Treecreeper, _Rusty-flankedCerthia nipalensis Found: Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, and Nepal
Image by: 1) Subramanya - West Bengal 2) Gauray Bhatnagar

Treecreeper, _Short-toedCerthia brachydactyla Found: Europe, Asia
Image by: 1, 4) Jimfbleak 2) Agustin_Povedano - Spain 3) Aleph

Treecreeper, _SichuanCerthia tianquanensis Found: old growth forests of Faber's fir in mountains of Sichuan, China
Image by: 1) Ron Knight - Wawu Shan, Sichuan

Treecreeper, _Sikkim also Brown-throated treecreeperCerthia discolor Found: Asia
Image by: 1) JJ Harrison - Thailand 2) Francesco Veronesi - Bhutan

Genus Salpornis
These creepers, unlike the treecreepers, do not use their tails while climbing. They weigh twice as much as treecreepers of similar length

Creeper, African Spotted-Salpornis salvadori Found: Africa

Image by: 1) Graham Ekins - Zimbabwe

Creeper, Indian Spotted-Salpornis spilonotus Found: northern Indian subcontinent

The Australasian Treecreepers are not closely related to the Holarctic Treecreepers of family Certhiidae, but they do resemble each other because of convergent evolution. Their plumage is dull-colored, and as their name implies, they climb over the surface of trees in search of food. Unlike the Holarctic treecreepers, they do not use their tail for support when climbing tree trunks, only their feet. They are found in Australasia.

Treecreeper, _Black-tailedClimacteris melanurus Found: north and northwestern Australia
Image by: 1, 2) Brian_McCauley

Treecreeper, _BrownClimacteris picumnus Found: Australia

Image by: 1) Laurie_Boyle 2) David Cook - Victoria, Australia 3) Avicida - Bowra, SW Queensland, Australia 4) Oystercatcher

Treecreeper, _Red-browedClimacteris erythrops Found: Australia

Treecreeper, _RufousClimacteris rufus Found: Australia

Treecreeper, _White-browedClimacteris affinis Found: Australia

Treecreeper, _PapuanCormobates placens Found: New Guinea

Treecreeper, _White-throatedCormobates leucophaea Found: Australia

Image by: 1, 2, 3) David Cook
1) Female 2, 3) Male

Hume's treecreeper

Binomial name: Certhia manipurensis, Allan octavian hume, 1881

Hume's treecreeper (Certhia manipurensis) was earlier included within the brown-throated treecreeper complex and identified as a separate species on the basis of their distinctive calls. This species in the treecreeper family is found in Assam, Myanmar, Shan Mountains, Laos and the Dalat Plateau.

This form has a rich cinnamon throat and breast with support for their status coming from nd molecular evidence and calls.

The name commemorates the British naturalist Allan Octavian Hume who worked in India.

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